How many languages are there in india according to 1971 census?

According to the 1971 census, there are 1,652 languages spoken in India.

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According to the 1971 census, there are 1,652 languages spoken in India. This vast linguistic diversity is a reflection of India’s rich cultural heritage and colorful history. As an expert in Indian languages and culture, I can provide you with a detailed and interesting overview of this topic.

India is known for its linguistic diversity, with languages belonging to several language families. The major language families spoken in India include Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austroasiatic, Tibeto-Burman, and Sino-Tibetan. Each language family further branches out into numerous languages and dialects.

One of the most prominent language families in India is the Indo-Aryan family, which includes languages like Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, and Marathi. These languages are spoken by a significant proportion of the Indian population and are recognized as official languages in different states of the country.

The Dravidian language family, on the other hand, is mainly prevalent in the southern regions of India. Languages like Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam belong to this family and have a rich literary tradition and cultural heritage.

To provide a more comprehensive view, here are some interesting facts about the languages of India:

  1. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in India, with over 40% of the population considering it as their first language.
  2. The Indian constitution recognizes 22 official languages, including Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, and Gujarati, among others.
  3. Sanskrit, the ancient classical language of India, has had a significant influence on the development of various Indian languages.
  4. India is also home to several endangered languages, with many languages facing the risk of extinction due to factors like urbanization, globalization, and migration.
  5. The linguistic diversity of India extends beyond spoken languages. India also has a rich tradition of sign languages, with different regions having their own unique sign languages.
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In order to provide a comprehensive overview of the languages spoken in India, here is a table showcasing the major language families and some representative languages:

Language Family Representative Languages
Indo-Aryan Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi
Dravidian Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam
Austroasiatic Santali, Mundari, Khasi
Tibeto-Burman Bodo, Manipuri, Garo
Sino-Tibetan Sikkimese, Lepcha, Kamengic

In conclusion, the 1971 census recorded 1,652 languages spoken in India, highlighting the country’s remarkable linguistic diversity. This diversity is not only a reflection of India’s complex history but also a testament to the cultural richness of the country.

As the famous linguist Noam Chomsky once said, “Language is a process of free creation; its laws and principles are fixed, but the manner in which the principles of generation are used is free and infinitely varied.” This quote beautifully captures the essence of India’s linguistic tapestry, where each language represents a unique expression of human creativity and communication.

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The India-Pakistan 1971 War resulted in the liberation of East Pakistan and the creation of Bangladesh. The war was sparked by political and social turmoil in Pakistan, where military rule and oppression had left the Bengali-speaking East Pakistanis with no representation or autonomy. The genocide of Operation Searchlight led to calls for independence, and India intervened after evidence of Pakistan’s war crimes was brought to light. By December 1971, Pakistan surrendered its forces in East Pakistan, leading to the birth of Bangladesh. The aftermath of war brought political instability to Bangladesh, including a military dictatorship and the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the first President of Bangladesh. The story highlights the importance of treating all cultures and regions equally to maintain unity and avoid language imposition.

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According to the Census of India of 2001, India has 122 major languages and 1599 other languages. However, figures from other sources vary, primarily due to differences in definition of the terms "language" and "dialect".

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How many languages are spoken in India according to 2011 census?

As a response to this: 121 languages
Of the 121 languages recorded in the 2011 language census, Hindi is the only scheduled language that has shown progress in general speaking population, with an almost 6% increase, census data shows.

What was the population of India in 1971 census?

The reply will be: The 1971 Census of India was the 11th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1872. The population of India was counted as 547,949,809 people.

What is the language data of India in census 2001?

As a response to this: According to 2001 Census, 53.6% of Indian population know Hindi, in which 41% of them have declared Hindi as their native language or mother tongue. English is known to 12.18% Indians in the 2001 census. The number of bilingual speakers in India is 25.50 crore, which is 24.8% of the population in 2001.

How many languages are listed in 2001?

The response is: As per the census of 2001, there are 1635 rationalised mother tongues, 234 identifiable mother tongues and 22 major languages. Of these, 29 languages have more than a million native speakers, 60 have more than 100,000 and 122 have more than 10,000 native speakers.

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