Query from you: what are the different school of Hindu law?

The different schools of Hindu law include Mitakshara, Dayabhaga, Vyavahara Mayukha, and Schools of Smritis. These schools differ in their interpretations of ancient Hindu texts and their applicability in different regions of India.

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As an expert in Hindu law, I can provide detailed information about the different schools of Hindu law. These schools have played a significant role in shaping the legal landscape of India and continue to influence legal practices to this day.

  1. Mitakshara: The Mitakshara school is one of the most prominent schools of Hindu law and is primarily followed in Northern and Western India. It is based on the ancient text called the Mitakshara, written by Vijnaneshvara. This school regulates matters related to inheritance, partition, and joint family properties. It recognizes the concept of coparcenary, where male members of a joint Hindu family acquire an interest in the ancestral property by birth.

  2. Dayabhaga: The Dayabhaga school, followed primarily in Bengal and Assam, was formulated by Jimutavahana. It offers a different perspective on inheritance and property rights compared to the Mitakshara school. According to the Dayabhaga, inheritance is based on the principle of propinquity, where relatives in the direct line of descent have greater rights over collateral relatives. Unlike the Mitakshara school, it does not recognize coparcenary or joint family property.

  3. Vyavahara Mayukha: The Vyavahara Mayukha school of Hindu law is mainly followed in the state of Maharashtra. It is based on the ancient text called the Mayukha, written by Nilkantha. This school focuses on legal procedures and provides guidelines for judicial proceedings, contracts, obligations, and disputes. It offers detailed rules for various aspects of civil law and is highly regarded for its systematic approach to legal matters.

  4. Schools of Smritis: Apart from the above-mentioned schools, there are various regional schools of Hindu law based on the Smritis (ancient Hindu texts). These schools are predominantly followed in different parts of India and vary in their interpretations and practices. Some notable regional schools include the Benares school, the Mithila school, and the Kerala school. Each of these schools has its own unique characteristics and practices, which have evolved over time based on regional customs and traditions.

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One interesting fact about the schools of Hindu law is the ongoing debate and discussion regarding their applicability in modern legal contexts. While these schools have provided a foundation for Hindu personal law, legal reforms and judgments have also influenced the interpretation and application of these schools in contemporary times.

In the words of Sir William Jones, a renowned Orientalist and scholar, “The Hindu law is a system founded on immemorial usage, and refined by profound reflection.”

Here is a table summarizing the key features of the different schools of Hindu law:

School Name Key Features
Mitakshara Recognition of coparcenary, joint family property
Dayabhaga Inheritance based on propinquity, disregards coparcenary
Vyavahara Mayukha Systematic approach to legal procedures and obligations
Schools of Smritis Region-specific variations, influenced by customs and traditions

In conclusion, the different schools of Hindu law, such as Mitakshara, Dayabhaga, Vyavahara Mayukha, and regional schools of Smritis, offer diverse perspectives on various legal aspects within the Hindu legal framework. These schools have played a crucial role in shaping the legal practices in different regions of India and continue to be an important part of India’s legal heritage.

Here are some other responses to your query

There are 2 main schools of Hindu Law, the Mitakshara School and Dayabhaga School of Hindu Law. One of the unique features of Hindu Law is that it has different schools of thought, each with its own set of rules, principles, and practices.

The Dayabhaga and Mitakshara are the two significant schools of Hindu law. The Dayabhaga school of law depends on the editorials of Jimutvahana (writer of Dayabhaga which is the summary of everything being equal) and the Mitakshara depends on the critiques composed by Vijnaneswar on the Code of Yajnavalkya.

There are 2 main schools of Hindu Law, the Mitakshara School and Dayabhaga School of Hindu Law. One of the unique features of Hindu Law is that it has different schools of thought, each with its own set of rules, principles, and practices.

The two major schools of Hindu law are as follows: *Mitakshara *Daya Bhaga Mitakshara and Dayabhaga are the two important schools of Hindu Law which have given us the required information about the present legislated laws.

Video related “What are the different school of Hindu law?”

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In this video, the speaker introduces the different schools of Hindu law, namely the Mitakshara and Dayabhaga schools. They explain the origins and applications of these schools, highlighting their significance in different regions of India. The speaker also emphasizes the importance of remembering specific codes and names associated with each school for future reference. Additionally, they discuss key differences in terms of the right to sons and inheritance laws among these schools. Overall, the video aims to provide viewers with a comprehensive understanding of the various schools of Hindu law and their implications.

Interesting facts about the subject

And did you know that, An eminent English author has even dared the observation that Hindu law was “a mere phantom of the brain, imagined by Sanskritists without law, and lawyers without Sanskrit”. Today, however, the picture is different. Once upon a time, Hindu Law was a mixture of religion and legal philosophy. ADVERTISEMENTS: Today, such a definition of Hindu Law cannot hold good. x x Hi!
And did you know: The word Smriti means ‘What has been remembered’. The era of this is accepted to be 800BC to 600AD, this is also known as the golden era of Hindu law. [3] [3] [3] [3] [3] [2] [3] [1] [2] [3] And Upanishad is the knowledge imparted to disciples for spiritual progress. Most of the Upanishads are in forms of dialogues between a master and a disciple.
Thematic fact: Hindu Law, it has rightly been observed, has the most ancient pedigree of any known system of jurisprudence. However, it is not “law” as understood in modern times. Today, the word “law” signifies an Act passed by the Legislature of a country. Ancient Hindu Law, however, is not the result of any such legislation governing the Hindus. (Manusmriti) ADVERTISEMENTS:

I am sure you will be interested in these topics as well

Secondly, What is a Coparcenary in Hindu law?
Who is a coparcener? According to the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, an individual who is born in a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) has a legal right over his ancestral property. Therefore, he is a coparcener (joint heir) by birth. A coparcenary has a lineal descending succession of up to four generations.

Also to know is, Who wrote Mitakshara?
The reply will be: VijñāneśvaraMitākṣarā / Author
The Mitākṣarā is a vivṛti (legal commentary) on the Yajnavalkya Smriti best known for its theory of "inheritance by birth." It was written by Vijñāneśvara, a scholar in the Western Chalukya court in the late eleventh and early twelfth century.. Along with the Dāyabhāga, it was considered one of the main authorities on

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People also ask, What is Coparcenary? Coparcenary refers to a type of property ownership where multiple people inherit the same property, and each person owns an undivided, transferable interest in the property. The term coparcenary has mostly been replaced with tenancy in common.

What is religious efficacy?
(1) Religious efficacy or principle of spiritual benefit- Under the Dayabhaga, the right to inherit arose from spiritual efficacy, that is the capacity to confer spiritual benefit on the souls of paternal and maternal ancestors.

Similarly, What are the schools of Hindu law?
As an answer to this: Schools of Hindu law are considered to are the commentaries and the digestives of the smritis. These schools have widened the scope of Hindu law and explicitly contributed to its development. Mitakshara School: Mitakshara is one of the most important schools of Hindu law. It is a running commentary of the Smriti written by Yajnvalkya.

Furthermore, What is the application of uncodified Hindu law? Response will be: The application of Uncodified Hindu Law depends upon the context of different schools. Mitakshara School: Mitakshara is one of the most important schools of Hindu law. It is a legal treaty on inheritance. It was written by Vijneshswara, a scholar.

Also Know, What are the different types of Hindu law?
Answer: There are several customs, rules, traditions etc followed by Hindus that combine to create Hindu law. Hindu law is classified into 2 types coded e.g. various statutes that apply to all Hindus in India namely the Hindu Marriage Act, Hindu Succession Act etc and uncoded.

Beside this, Why is Hindu law important? Response will be: These schools of thought evolved to have a higher strength of force than the original text of the Smriti. These schools have also left major impacts on the development of the Hindu Law, as at present. Introduction Hindu Law is the most ancient law in the world. Originally Hindu Law was created to satisfy every need and welfare of the people.

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