Nadir Shah carried away valuable objects such as the Peacock Throne, the Koh-i-Noor diamond, and other precious jewels from India.
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Nadir Shah, the powerful ruler of Persia (now Iran), invaded India in 1739, leading to what is known as the sack of Delhi. During this invasion, he plundered numerous valuable objects that were considered symbols of wealth and power in India. Some of the most notable items that Nadir Shah carried away from India include:
Peacock Throne: The Peacock Throne was an ornate throne adorned with diamonds, rubies, emeralds, and other precious gems. It was considered a masterpiece of Mughal craftsmanship. Nadir Shah was mesmerized by its grandeur and took it as a prized possession.
Koh-i-Noor diamond: One of the most famous diamonds in the world, the Koh-i-Noor diamond was also seized by Nadir Shah. It weighed around 186 carats at the time, and its name translates to “Mountain of Light.” The diamond changed hands multiple times throughout history and is now a part of the British Crown Jewels.
Other precious jewels: Nadir Shah’s raid on India was not limited to just the Peacock Throne and the Koh-i-Noor diamond. He took countless other precious jewels, including rubies, emeralds, sapphires, pearls, and gold ornaments. These jewels were highly valued for their exquisite craftsmanship and rarity.
Nadir Shah’s plundering of India’s treasures left a significant impact on the country’s history and cultural heritage. To shed light on the gravity and historical significance of this event, I would like to quote Sir John Malcolm, a prominent historian and statesman:
“The sack of Delhi by Nadir Shah was an unparalleled catastrophe. The accumulated wealth of centuries fell into his hands and scattered to all quarters of the globe. India, stripped of her wealth, fell back from her high estate to poverty and ruin.”
Here are some interesting facts about Nadir Shah and his conquest of India:
Nadir Shah’s invasion of India was motivated by a desire to acquire wealth and establish dominance over the region. He saw India as a prosperous land with vast treasures.
The Peacock Throne, which Nadir Shah took from India, was originally commissioned by Emperor Shah Jahan, the builder of the Taj Mahal. It was considered one of the most opulent thrones in history.
The Koh-i-Noor diamond has a tumultuous history, changing hands between various dynasties and rulers. It eventually came under British possession and was exhibited at the Great Exhibition in London in 1851.
Nadir Shah’s invasion marked a decline in the Mughal Empire’s power and influence in India. The plundering of Delhi had severe economic repercussions, leading to instability in the region.
To summarize, Nadir Shah’s conquest of India resulted in the confiscation of valuable objects such as the Peacock Throne, the Koh-i-Noor diamond, and numerous other precious jewels. The impact of this plundering event remains profound in the historical narrative of India’s cultural heritage.
Here are some additional responses to your query
Among the known precious stones that Nadir Shah looted were the Akbar Shah, Great Mughal, Great Table, Koh-i-Noor, and Shah diamonds, as well as the Samarian spinel and the Timur ruby. These stones were either part of the Peacock Throne or were in possession of the Mughal emperors.
Watch a video on the subject
Anita Anand and William Dalrymple discuss their book centered around the Koh-i-Noor diamond, which delves into the history of South Asia. They explore the myth and legends surrounding the diamond, its association with Indian mythology and Mughal culture, and the complex geopolitical struggles for ownership. They also discuss the consequences of the diamond’s transfer to the British and the impact it had on relations between India and the UK. The speakers shed light on the moral and legal complexities of colonial loot and the ongoing question of repatriation.
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Also question is, What did Nadir Shah take from India?
As an answer to this: Nadir Shah took with him the Peacock throne built by Shah Jahan. He also took the legendary Koh-i-Noor diamond.
Also, How much did Nadir Shah loot from India?
The answer is: In the well-known book ‘The History of Nadir Shah’ published in the 18th century from London, James Fraser estimates that 70 crores of wealth was carried away by Nadir Shah from Delhi: Jewels from emperors and amirs: 25 crores. Utensils and handles of weapons set with jewels, with the Peacock Throne, etc.: 9 crores.
One may also ask, Who carried away from India the famous Peacock Throne and the Koh-i-Noor diamond? Nadir Shah
Nadir Shah took away the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond and the jewel-studded Peacock Throne of Shahjahan from India. In 1739, The Kohinoor, mounted at the head of one of the peacocks on Shah Jahan’s Peacock Throne, left India and the Mughal treasury when Nader Shah carved the Peacock Throne out of the Delhi Cloth.
Which precious diamond was looted by Nadir Shah?
Answer will be: The first verifiable record of the diamond comes from a history by Muhammad Kazim Marvi of the 1740s invasion of Northern India by Nader Shah. Marvi notes that the Koh-i-Noor as being one of many stones on the Mughal Peacock Throne that Nader Shah looted from Delhi.