The founder of the Indian National Congress in 1885 was Allan Octavian Hume.
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The founder of the Indian National Congress in 1885 was Allan Octavian Hume. Allan Octavian Hume, a prominent British civil servant, played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Indian National Congress (INC). Born on June 6, 1829, in Montrose, Scotland, Hume arrived in India in 1849 to work as a civil servant for the British East India Company. He had a deep fondness for India and its people, which ultimately led to his involvement in the Indian independence movement.
Hume recognized the need for a political platform that would unite Indians and provide a voice for their demands for self-governance. To bring together like-minded individuals, he convened the first session of the Indian National Congress on December 28, 1885, in Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay (now Mumbai). The initial aim of the Congress was to create a platform for political dialogue and foster a sense of national unity among Indians.
Here are some interesting facts about the Indian National Congress and its founder, Allan Octavian Hume:
Diverse participation: The Indian National Congress aimed to represent the interests of all sections of Indian society, and its early members came from various backgrounds, including lawyers, journalists, teachers, and social reformers.
Role of Hume: Allan Octavian Hume served as the Secretary of the Indian National Congress during its initial years. He played a crucial role in shaping the organizational structure and guiding the Congress towards its objectives.
Indian leadership: Despite being founded by a British civil servant, the Indian National Congress transitioned into a predominantly Indian-led organization in the following years. Under the leadership of stalwarts like Dadabhai Naoroji, Surendranath Banerjee, and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, the Congress became the primary force advocating for Indian independence.
Historical sessions: The Indian National Congress held notable sessions throughout its history, including the Lahore session of 1929 where the demand for complete independence (Purna Swaraj) was made, and the Karachi session of 1931 where Jawaharlal Nehru became the Congress President.
Mahatma Gandhi’s association: The Indian National Congress played a vital role in India’s struggle for independence, and Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership during the freedom movement further intensified its efforts. Gandhi’s association with the Congress began in 1919, and he went on to become its most influential leader.
In the words of Mahatma Gandhi, “It is because we have at the present moment everybody claiming the right of conscience without going through any discipline whatsoever that there is so much untruth being delivered to a bewildered world.”
To summarize, Allan Octavian Hume, a British civil servant with a deep affection for India, founded the Indian National Congress in 1885. The Congress became a symbol of Indian unity and provided a platform for political dialogue and demands for self-governance. Its journey, under the leadership of various Indian leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi, played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence. The Indian National Congress remains a significant part of India’s political history and democracy.
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Indian National Congress Founder Allan Octavian Hume Founded 28 December 1885 Headquarters 24, Akbar Road, New Delhi-110001 Student wing National Students’ Union of India
See related video
J Sai Deepak discusses the origins of the Indian National Congress (INC) and its relationship with the British colonial establishment. The INC was founded in 1885 as a non-seditious, pro-British organization, aiming to prove its loyalty to the colonial masters. The INC impeded the views of nationalists and revolutionaries who were seen as irritants, distancing themselves from them. Deepak argues that the Congress was created by the British as a “safety valve” to contain and control the anger of educated Indians. However, these extremists and revolutionaries ultimately pushed the moderates toward a more assertive stance, leading to India’s independence.
Moreover, people are interested
Why was the Indian National Congress founded in 1885 to quizlet?
Answer will be: In 1885, a small group of Indians met in Mumbai to form the Indian National Congress(INC). The goal of INC was to seek independence for all Indians, regardless of class or religious background.
Consequently, Who was the leader of the Indian National Congress in 1947? Jawaharlal Nehru (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964), also called Pandit (‘Teacher’) Nehru, was the leader of the socialist wing of the Indian National Congress during and after India’s struggle for independence from the British Empire.
What was the Indian National Congress quizlet?
Answer to this: Indian National Congress. A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I.
What was the Indian National Congress AP World History?
Response: Indian National Congress
In the 1920s and ’30s, the Congress Party, led by Mohandas Gandhi, began advocating nonviolent noncooperation against the British government ruling India. From this movement came the Indian National Congress, often referred to as the Congress Party, a broadly based political party of India.
Keeping this in view, Who founded Indian National Congress? Indian National Congress founders: Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha. Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885. The topic is important for UPSC Mains too. The list of Indian National Congress sessions with their Presidents are given in the table below, with reference to the civil services exam:
Also to know is, When was the first session of Indian National Congress held? As a response to this: The first session of the Indian National Congress (INC) was planned for Poona, but due to a plague outbreak in Poona, the venue was changed to Bombay. With the cooperation of leading intellectuals of the time, A.O. Hume organized the first session of the Indian National Congress in December 1885 in Bombay.
Secondly, Who led India’s Post-independence history?
As a response to this: The Indian National Congress led India for most of the nation’s post-independence history. This secular, center-left party’s leader is Rahul Gandhi, whose father, grandmother and great-grandfather were prime ministers. ^ S. Harikrishnan, ed. (2022). Social Spaces and the Public Sphere: A Spatial-history of Modernity in Kerala. Taylor & Francis.
Moreover, Who was the first president of India?
Answer to this: 1934, 1935: Rajendra Pasad was the president of the INC of Bombay conference in 1934 and the Lucknow session in 1935. Rajendra Prasad also went on to become the first president of independent India. 1938, 1939: Subhas Chandra Bose was the president of the Haripura session of Congress.
Likewise, Who created the Indian National Congress?
Response: The Indian National Congress, founded in 1885, dominated the Indian campaign for independence from Great Britain. From freedom, it formed the majority of India’s governments and had a substantial presence in several state governments. Allan Octavian Hume, a British civil officer, created the Indian National Congress in 1885.
Who was the president of Indian Congress in 1870?
General Secretary of the Congress was Allan Octavian Hume, and President of the Congress was Womesh Chunder Banerjee. In the late 1870s and early 1880s, the foundation for the creation of an all-India organisation had been created.
Who led India’s Post-independence history?
The Indian National Congress led India for most of the nation’s post-independence history. This secular, center-left party’s leader is Rahul Gandhi, whose father, grandmother and great-grandfather were prime ministers. ^ S. Harikrishnan, ed. (2022). Social Spaces and the Public Sphere: A Spatial-history of Modernity in Kerala. Taylor & Francis.
In this way, When was the first Indian National Congress held in Bombay?
The Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28 to 31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume, known for his pro-Indian activities. In 1883, Hume had outlined his idea for a body representing Indian interests in an open letter to graduates of the University of Calcutta.