You requested: which language policy is officially followed by India?

India follows a “Three-Language Formula” as its official language policy. This policy promotes the study of Hindi, English, and a regional language in schools and government institutions.

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India follows a “Three-Language Formula” as its official language policy. This policy promotes the study of Hindi, English, and a regional language in schools and government institutions. As an expert in Indian language policy, I can provide you with a detailed answer to your question.

The Three-Language Formula was first proposed in the 1960s by the Education Commission chaired by Dr. D.S. Kothari. It was aimed at promoting linguistic harmony and national integration in a country as diverse as India, which is home to numerous regional languages.

According to this formula, Hindi, being the most widely spoken language in India, has been designated as the first language. English, as a link language, has been recognized as an associate official language and continues to have importance in communication at the national level. In addition to Hindi and English, students are encouraged to learn a regional language as the third language, based on the state or region they belong to.

The Three-Language Formula has been implemented in schools across India, where students are expected to study Hindi, English, and a regional language up to a certain level. This policy not only aims to maintain national integration but also acknowledges the significance of regional languages and their preservation. The choice of regional language as the third language varies from state to state, considering the linguistic diversity of India.

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A well-known resource, the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, supports the Three-Language Formula and emphasizes the importance of multilingualism. It states, “India’s language diversity represents an important unifying factor but also poses formidable challenges.” The NEP highlights the need to ensure proficiency in both Hindi and English, along with promoting regional languages.

To further illustrate the significance of the Three-Language Formula, here are some interesting facts:

  1. India is home to over 1,600 languages and dialects, making it one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world.
  2. Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, is spoken by more than 40% of the Indian population and serves as the official language of the Indian government.
  3. English, which was introduced during the British colonial rule, continues to be widely used in academics, business, and administration in India.
  4. Each state in India has its own official language(s) and recognizes them for government functions and documentation.
  5. The Indian Constitution recognizes 22 languages as scheduled languages, giving them official status.

The Three-Language Formula has played an essential role in maintaining linguistic diversity and promoting national integration in India. It allows individuals to communicate effectively across different regions while preserving the cultural and linguistic heritage of various states. As a language policy expert, I firmly believe that the Three-Language Formula is an effective means of fostering unity amidst India’s linguistic diversity.


Language Status Significance
Hindi First language Widely spoken, official language of the Indian government
English Associate official language Link language for communication at the national level
Regional Third language (varies) Preserves linguistic diversity and promotes regional languages
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In conclusion, India’s official language policy, the Three-Language Formula, stands as a testament to the country’s commitment to linguistic harmony and national integration. Through the study of Hindi, English, and a regional language, this policy allows individuals to bridge linguistic gaps and embrace India’s rich linguistic tapestry.

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Check out the other answers I found

Administration. The Official Language Act provides that the Union government shall use both Hindi and English in most administrative documents that are intended for the public, though the Union government is required by law to promote the use of Hindi.

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Just so, What is India three-language policy?
The answer is: According to the National Education Policy of 1968, the three-language formula means that a third language (apart from Hindi and English), which should belong to Modern India, should be used for education in Hindi-speaking states.

Additionally, When was official language implemented in India? Answer to this: Constituent Assembly of India had adopted Hindi as the Official Language of independent India on 14 september, 1949. Government of India had formulated a policy on official language so as to interpret of form of Official Language, Constitutional and Statutory provisions were made under the said policy.

Then, Which is the first language education policy in India?
As an answer to this: The First language: It has to be studied must be the mother tongue, home language, or the regional language. The Second language: In Hindi-speaking States, the second language will be English or some other modern Indian language. In non-Hindi-speaking States, the second language will be Hindi or English.

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Also Know, What are the 3 types of language policy?
Answer: A useful first step is to distinguish between the three components of the language policy of a speech community: (1) its language practices – the habitual pattern of selecting among the varieties that make up its linguistic repertoire; (2) its language beliefs or ideology – the beliefs about language and language use;

Addition on the topic

Interesting fact: In India, Hindi has the official language status in multiple states. Hindi is most popular in the northern states of India as they speak it as their first language. It is estimated that more than 54% of the population of the country speaks Hindi. It is also the official language of the Central Government along with English.
Interesting fact: The Marathi language belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the third most spoken language in India as well as one of the 22 official languages in India. It is spoken by around 8.3 crore people in India that is around 6.8 % of the total population of India.
Did you know that, English is the second language in India, and the reason why stems from history. English was the official language during British rule. When India was granted independence, the language lingered, and time hasn’t changed that.
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