The important powers of the Parliament in India include making laws, controlling finances, and holding the executive accountable. It consists of two houses, the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and the Rajya Sabha (Upper House), and has the authority to pass bills, debate on policies, and scrutinize the government’s actions.
Detailed answer to your question
As an expert in Indian politics, I can provide a comprehensive answer to the question regarding the important powers of the Parliament in India. The Parliament of India is the supreme legislative body in the country and plays a crucial role in the functioning of democracy. Its powers are vast and diverse, aiming to ensure the well-being and progress of the nation.
Lawmaking: One of the primary functions of the Parliament is to make and amend laws. Members of Parliament (MPs) introduce bills, which are then debated, discussed, and voted upon. If passed by both houses of Parliament, the bill becomes law. This power allows the Parliament to address various social, economic, and political issues and shape the legal framework of the country.
Control over Finances: The Parliament holds significant powers with regard to financial matters. It has the authority to discuss and approve the national budget, which outlines the government’s revenue and expenditure. Members of Parliament scrutinize the budget, assess its allocation of resources, and propose changes if necessary. This power ensures oversight and accountability in the use of public funds.
Oversight of the Executive: The Parliament acts as a check on the executive branch of the government, ensuring accountability and transparency. MPs have the power to question ministers, engage in debates, and hold the government accountable for its policies and actions. This mechanism allows for the scrutiny and evaluation of the government’s performance, which is vital in a democratic system.
A famous quote by B.R. Ambedkar, the chief architect of the Indian Constitution, highlights the importance of Parliament: “If democracy is to survive, it must put at its disposal the tools for its own preservation.”
Interesting Facts about the Parliament in India:
Composition: The Parliament of India consists of two houses – the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Lok Sabha has 545 members, elected by the people, while the Rajya Sabha has 245 members, with 233 elected by the state legislatures and 12 nominated by the President.
World’s Largest Democracy: With over 1.3 billion people, India is the world’s largest democracy. The Parliament of India represents the diverse voices and aspirations of its citizens.
Importance of Parliamentary Committees: The Parliament in India has various committees that play a crucial role in its functioning. These committees are responsible for examining specific issues, conducting inquiries, and making recommendations. The reports of these committees carry significant weight in the decision-making process.
Table demonstrating the powers of the Parliament:
|Powers of Parliament in India|
|Control over Finances|
|Oversight of the Executive|
Due to my practical knowledge and experience in Indian politics, I can confidently state that the Parliament of India is the cornerstone of the democratic system. Its powers extend to lawmaking, fiscal control, and oversight of the government. The Parliament’s role in shaping the nation, ensuring transparency, and safeguarding democracy cannot be overstated.
Video response to “What are the important powers of the Parliament in India?”
The video provides a comprehensive overview of the Indian Parliament, covering the roles and functions of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, as well as the powers of the President. It explains that the Parliament has two broad powers: ordinary law-making power and constituent power, with the authority to make laws and amend the Constitution. It also discusses the composition and election process of both houses, highlighting the special powers of the Rajya Sabha and the superiority of the Lok Sabha in the passage of money bills. Overall, this video serves as a useful resource for those preparing for the UPSC exam.
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Functions and Powers of Parliament The Parliament is also vested with powers to impeach the President and to remove the Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts, the Chief Election Commissioner and the Comptroller and Auditor General in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Constitution.
As in other parliamentary democracies, the Parliament in India has the cardinal functions of legislation, overseeing of administration, passing of the Budget, ventilation of public grievances and discussing various subjects like development plans, national policies and international relations.
The powers and functions can be classified into the following categories:
- 1.Legislative powers and functions: The primary function of Parliament is law-making. Lok Sabha plays an important part here.
You will most likely be intrigued
In this manner, What are the powers of the parliament? Response to this: As the highest organ of government the parliament holds supreme legislative power and can override a presidential veto and alter the constitution. There is no constitutional court and the supreme court does not have an explicit right to declare a law unconstitutional.
Regarding this, Why parliament is very powerful in India? Hence Lok Sabha is more powerful as it contains the members who were directly elected by the people and they are considered to be the direct representatives of the State. Thus Lok Sabha, the lower house of the parliament is more powerful and the strongest house than Rajya Sabha i.e. upper house.
What are the powers of government in India? Response: Powers of the central government of India
It has the power to declare war, raise, and maintain the armed forces. The Central Government regulates trade and trade affairs between states and foreign trade.
Also to know is, What is the role of parliament in Indian politics? The Parliament, which is made up of all representatives together, controls and guides the government. In this sense people, through their chosen representatives, form the government and also control it.
In this regard, What are the powers of Parliament in India? Response will be: It consists of two houses- Rajyasabha & Lok Sabha and President of India. Parliament makes law with the help of its both the chambers. Laws passed by the parliament and approved by the president are enforced in the whole country. (1). Legislative powers (2). Executive powers (3). Financial powers (4). Constituent powers (5). Judicial powers (6).
Moreover, What is legislative power vested in the Indian Parliament?
Response to this: All the “legislative power” is vested in the Indian parliament. Any kind of developmental or constructive policies are made by the parliament with the aim of the country’s entire development. “Legislative power”: Parliament can formulate laws on the subjects which are mentioned in the concurrent list and union list of the Indian constitution.
Also, What are the functions of Parliament? The functions of parliament are divided based on the powers it has. These are The executive is responsible for the acts and policies of the parliament. This enacted by the parliament form of the government. Thus, there are various measures that the parliament uses to control. These are questioned hour, committees, zero hours, etc.
In this regard, Who has the power to amend the Constitution of India? Answer: The Parliament has the power to amend the Constitution of India. Both Houses of the Parliament have equal powers as far as amending the Constitution is concerned. Amendments will have to be passed in both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha for them to be effective. Read about the important amendments in the Indian Constitution here.
Correspondingly, What are the functions of the Indian Parliament?
The functions of parliament depend on the power given by the government. The Indian Parliament is a bicameral legislature. It consists of two houses: Rajya Sabha which is the upper chamber of the Parliament and Lok Sabha which is the lower chamber of the parliament. The powers and functions can be classified into the following categories:
What are the legislative powers of the federal government of India? Response: Hint: The legislative powers of the federal government come under the parliament of India. So, the laws that are framed by the parliament of India are enforced throughout the country. The Parliament consists of two chambers and the laws made in the parliament are executed by both the houses.
People also ask, What are the powers of Parliament? These powers of parliament help in making government responsive and responsible. Parliament enjoys the supreme authority in financial matters. Executive cannot spend any money without parliament’s approval. No tax can be imposed without the authority of law. The government places the budget before the parliament for approval.
Also to know is, How does Parliament control taxation in India? Response: Parliament controls the taxation and the way the funds are utilized by the Government. The approval of the Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Parliament) is needed if the Government of India wants to introduce new taxes. Government has to present its budget and financial statements in Parliament. Debating Functions of the Parliament