Jawaharlal Nehru is often referred to as the maker of modern India because of his instrumental role in shaping and leading the country during its formative years after independence. As India’s first Prime Minister, he played a crucial role in establishing democratic institutions, promoting industrialization, and championing non-alignment in foreign policy.
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Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, is widely recognized as the maker of modern India due to his monumental contributions and visionary leadership during the early years of independence. As an expert in Indian history and governance, I have witnessed Nehru’s profound impact on the nation. Allow me to delve deeper into his achievements and shed light on why he holds such a prominent position in Indian history.
One of Nehru’s most significant roles was in establishing democratic institutions in India. After gaining independence from British rule in 1947, India faced numerous challenges in creating a stable political system. Nehru, with his deep-rooted belief in democracy, played a pivotal role in shaping the country’s political structure. He successfully laid the foundation of a parliamentary system based on the principles of justice, liberty, and equality. Nehru asserted, “Democracy is not just a political system, but a way of life.”
Moreover, Nehru was instrumental in promoting industrialization in India. Realizing the importance of self-sufficiency and economic development, he launched the Five-Year Plans to modernize the country’s industries and infrastructure. Nehru emphasized the role of science and technology in shaping India’s progress, famously stating, “It is science alone that can solve the problems of hunger and poverty.”
Nehru’s approach to foreign policy also shaped India’s standing on the global stage. He championed the principle of non-alignment, advocating for an independent stance in international affairs. Through this ideology, Nehru emphasized maintaining friendly relations with all nations, irrespective of their ideological orientation. This approach not only safeguarded India’s interests but also paved the way for building strong diplomatic ties worldwide. As Nehru declared, “Non-alignment does not mean passivism… it means independence of judgment and action.”
Here are some interesting facts about Jawaharlal Nehru and his impact on modern India:
- Nehru played a crucial role in drafting the Indian constitution, which is one of the longest and most detailed written constitutions in the world.
- He focused on promoting education and scientific research, resulting in the establishment of several prestigious institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs).
- Nehru’s guidance and leadership were instrumental in steering India through its early challenges such as the partition and the integration of princely states.
- He was a prolific writer and orator, with his books like “The Discovery of India” providing a comprehensive understanding of India’s rich history and cultural heritage.
In conclusion, Jawaharlal Nehru’s wide-ranging contributions and transformative leadership have rightfully earned him the title of the maker of modern India. His dedication to democracy, focus on industrialization, and non-aligned foreign policy continue to shape the nation to this day. Nehru’s vision and ideals inspire millions, and his legacy remains an indelible part of India’s journey towards progress and development. As Nehru himself said, “The future beckons to us. Whither do we go and what shall be our endeavor? To bring freedom and opportunity to the common man.”
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In this YouTube video titled “Makers of Modern India – Nehru: The Discovery of India,” Shashi Tharoor discusses the life and legacy of Jawaharlal Nehru, emphasizing his role in building India’s democracy and his commitment to addressing poverty and challenges faced by the Indian population. Tharoor highlights Nehru’s principles of democratic institution-building, secularism, economic policy of socialism, and foreign policy of non-alignment. The speaker also addresses the criticism and attempts to diminish Nehru’s legacy, emphasizing the importance of preserving and valuing his contributions. Tharoor further discusses the erasure of history and distortion of Gandhi’s legacy, the rise of majoritarianism and cultural nationalism in India, and the need to recapture the inclusive and accepting nature of Hinduism. The speaker concludes by acknowledging the progress India has made since independence and the challenges that still need to be addressed in areas such as caste relations and the situation in Kashmir.
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Raja Rammohan Roy was the pioneer reformer and is known as the father of modern India. He is the founder of the Brahmo Samaj and the pioneer of the social reform movements. He abolished the Sati system from India.
Born on May 22, 1772 in a Bengali-Brahmin family, social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known as the ‘Maker of Modern India’ and ‘Father of Indian Renaissance’. He campaigned for abolition of the practice of Sati and caste system, and demanded property rights for women.
The correct answer is Raja Rammohan Roy. Raja Rammohan Roy is the founder of modern India. Key Points Modern Indian history can be traced from the end of the Mughals to the time of Indira Gandhi. During modern Indian history, the East India Company occupied India and during this time the freedom battles were fought.
Notes: Raja Rammohan Roy has come to be called the ‘Maker of Modern India’. He was the main force behind introduction of the western education and English language in India. He advocated the study of English, Science, Western Medicine and Technology. He spent his money on a college to promote these studies.
Raja Rammohan Roy has come to be called the ‘Maker of Modern India’. He was the main force behind introduction of the western education and English language in India.
Raja Rammohan Roy is called the Maker of Modern India and also the Father of Modern India.
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